Category Archives: Databases

2 Ways of Updating/Deleting the bulk data from the table

Being a developer of DB2 LUW, I had written many Migration scripts where I needed to perform data manipulation on bulk data. Most known problem for such operations on bulk data is that most of the time we face transaction log full problem:

“SQL0964C The transaction log for the database is full”

This problem occurs frequently when the amount of data is huge. For example, consider a performance database or production database table having millions of customers and we need to manipulate all the customer data for some value.

To resolve this problem, DBAs usually configure the database parameters such as LOGBUFSZ, LOGFILSIZ, LOGPRIMARY and LOGSECOND. This approach is trail and error approach where we need to set the particular values and try for the operations.

But along with this, over the time I learned ways to perform such bulk operations using the PL/SQL operations.

Note: I use the sample database while providing the example. These examples are just for reference and can be used in different scenarios. For SAMPLE database, we don’t need to use these methods since the data is very low there.

1) Update n records at a time using GET DIAGNOSTICS:

We can write a stored procedure Where inside while Loop we can use the update statement in little different way as follows:

WHILE nCount <> 0
   UPDATE (SELECT * FROM Trnsct_tab WHERE isUpdated = 0 FETCH FIRST 10000 ROWS ONLY) SET Transactky = pmtlineitemky;

In above example, After every 10000 records COMMIT operation will be performed and the transaction log will get cleared. I used 10000 records at a time. We can use any number depending on our environment and parameter values.

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Posted by on June 6, 2014 in Databases, DB2


[ SQL2216N] REORG Failure – “Error Code ‘-968’ while reorganization of the database”

I observed this issue recently when I was monitoring the output of the shell script that performs REORG and RUNSTATS operation periodically on all the tables of our UAT database.

We perform continuous performance tests on our application. Therefore, periodic REORG and RUNSTATS becomes mandatory for better performance.

When I found error in the output file, I observed that for the couple of high cardinality tables the REORG operation failed with the following error message:

SQL2216N Error Code ‘-968’ while reorganization of the database

One of such table was having 8.5 millions rows with 170 columns including couple of CLOB columns. For such huge tables, records were getting inserted during every transaction and it was getting bigger and bigger after every performance test.

With such large tables in place, file system was almost FULL and FAILURES increased at an alarming rate while testing.

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Posted by on May 14, 2014 in Databases, DB2


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#DB2-9 The DB2Night Show #131: DB2’s GOT TALENT Grand Finale!

This post is reference to my presentation in the Grand Finale of DB2’s Got Talent 2014 at DB2Night Show season. This was my last presentation in this season and the show theme was DB2 Success Story. I have selected one of my favourite topic i.e. Federated Database Performance. I have been working on the Federated setup since last 1.5 years. I faced many performance issues on production for which resolutions were difficult that is the reason I spent most of my time in searching and learning different ways for performance improvement in such distributed systems. I had given the presentation on Federated Query performance before on The DB2Night Show #128. This one is the extension of my previous presentation. You can check out the Federation basics and recap of the Episode #128 presentation at this link.

I discussed how distributed data across multiple databases can be accessed using the Federated database systems. Also specified the components of the federation like wrappers, servers, nicknames etc. Here are the few steps to setup the federated database.

LIBRARY ‘libdb2net8.a’ ;

CREATE SERVER ora_server TYPE oracle

SERVER ora_server

CREATE NICKNAME ora_emp FOR ora_server.scott.emp;

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Posted by on April 15, 2014 in Databases, DB2, db2nightshow


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#DB2-8 The DB2Night Show #130: DB2’s GOT TALENT Top 7 Finalists Compete!

This post is based on the Multi-Temperature Storage Management Feature Introduced in DB2 10.1. I presented this topic at DB2Night Show on March 21, 2014. The theme for this episode was Storage. Since I am obsessed with the new fabulous features introduced in this version, without any second thought I chose this topic for this round of Finale.

This episode decided our progression for the Grand Finale and fortunately based on votes I qualified for the Grand Finale.
Here is the quick overview of the Multi-Temperature Storage Management Feature.

Storage Groups:

Storage groups are the logical groupings of the automatic storage paths. The storage paths grouped by a particular are identified by the same storage path characteristics like latency, overhead, transfer-rate etc. Once the storage group is created the, we can assign the Automatic Storage tablespaces to the respective storage group. This association of the tablespaces with the storage group is completely dynamic and we can change it whenever required. Here is the visual illustration of how storage groups are formed.





Multi-Temperature Storage Management:

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Posted by on April 8, 2014 in Databases, DB2, db2nightshow


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#DB2-7 The DB2Night Show #129: DB2’s GOT TALENT Top 9 Finalists Compete

This post is based on one of the ‘Index Jump Scan‘ – one of the terrific feature introduced in DB2 10.1. I presented the topic at DB2NightShow Finals-2. The theme for this episode was ‘DB2 Performance’ and I found this topic at the right time.
This was actually a courageous decision of presenting this topic in front of the Scott – one of the pioneer of this topic.
Still I tried my best to introduce the community with this topic and present a comparative study of the scenario without and with the Index Jump Scan. Here is the quick summary of my presentation.

Index Gap:
Being a DBA I always worked on the long ad-hoc queries which has been written for the reporting tools like actuate reports and Birt reports. It is always painful to tune these queries because of the number of predicate conditions and the composite indexes already designed on the tables involved in such queries. Frankly speaking my face used to be turned down when developers asked me to tune such a long queries for which I need to scroll my editor. 😉
Ideally query predicates should be consistent with that of the composite index on the column. For e.g

           from EMPLOYEE where FIRSTNME=’CHRISTINE’
          and MIDINIT=‘I’ and LASTNAME=‘HAAS’;

I1:  create index EMPLOYEE_ID1 on EMPLOYEE

I have query Q1 in which WHERE condition is specified on the columns FIRSTNME, MIDINIT and LASTNAME. For optimal performance I created a composite index I1 on combination of these columns. Such queries where the query predicates are consistent with that of the columns in the composite indexes such queries are said to be consistent. Such queries will provide optimal performance.
Unfortunately, this is not the case in most of the application scenarios. Queries are in-consistent with that of the composite indexes. Following is the sample example of the in-consistent queries.


Predicates of the query Q2 are not consistent with index I1 since column MIDINIT is not there in the WHERE clause.
In such case the query is said to be in-consistent and it is said to have Index Gap. In our example, we are having the index gap for query Q2 on MIDINT column.

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Posted by on April 1, 2014 in Databases, db2nightshow


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#DB2-6 The DB2Night Show #128: DB2’s GOT TALENT Top 10 Finalists Compete

This post is based on ‘Performance Tuning in Federated systems‘ presentation in DB2’s Got Talent 2014 at db2nightshow. This was my first presentation on federated systems. I worked closely on the federated systems so I wanted to share my experience with all the db2 community. Since there were too many things to tell I ran very fast while talking but overall I took it very good at the end. Here is an overview of Performance Tuning in Federated Systems.

What is Federation ?

1. Federation allows the users and applications to access the data from more than one RDBMS in the single           requests.

2. Its a special type of distributed database management system that allows the distributed request across            the multiple databases at the same time.

3. Federation consists of a DB2 instance, a database or federated database and one or more remote                     databases of same or different type. I work on the federated system with ORACLE as a remote data                  source in the federation.

How Federation Works:


Application can communicate with Federated server with any supported interface like JDBC or ODBC etc.

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Posted by on March 23, 2014 in db2nightshow


#DB2-5 DB2Night Show #125: DB2’s GOT TALENT Contestant Search #2

This article is based on the “Online Tablespace Migration Using ADMIN_MOVE_TABLE Procedure” presentation for the The DB2Night Show #125: DB2’s GOT TALENT Contestant Search #2 held on Friday, 14th February 2014. I made it through the qualifying round but frankly speaking it was heavy competition out there in the Round 1 itself. Total 7 ideas presented and all of them had done their job extremely well. 3 of us – Michael, Raja and myself got a chance to present into the finals and rest of the contestants got chance to present again on 28th February 2014. Here are few outlines of my presentation in Round 1.

Table with more than 100K records needs to be migrated from 8K tablespace to 16K with minimum downtime and minimum risk of data loss.

I found out that to resolve this problem we have two possible solutions
In this we need to export all the data and then drop the table and re-create the table in new tablespace and re-create the constraints,indexes, views and MQTs referring to that table. And for the DB2 versions prior to DB2 9.7, probably this is the only solution we have.

But here are few Bottlenecks:
a. Migration needs to be OFFLINE.
b. There is always a risk of data loss.
Regarding data loss, I have this experience on our UAT environment. Since we have constraints on our disk space on database server. Developer executed the script by this method and due to disk space only half of the records got exported and those many only imported into the new table which cause a real trouble for me at work. 😦
So to avoid such mishaps, there is another way to all those who are using DB2 versions 9.7 and higher.

Here are the steps how this will work.
a. Drop MQTs, referential constraints and Views referencing the subject table.
b. Migrate the table to 16K tablespace using SYSPROC.ADMIN_MOVE_TABLE procedure.
c. Re-create the MQTs, referential constraints and Views.

Schema for this routine is SYSPROC.

db2 “CALL SYSPROC.ADMIN_MOVE_TABLE (<schemaname>, <tablename> , <data_tbsp>, <index_tbsp>,
<lob_tbsp>, <mdc_col_list>, <hash_key_list>,<range_part_key_list>, <column-definitions>,<options-list>,’MOVE’)”

For online tablespace migration we can ignore the few input parameters and pass them as NULL. Here is sample example:

—db2 “CALL SYSPROC.ADMIN_MOVE_TABLE (<schemaname>, <tablename>, <data_tbsp>, <index_tbsp>, <lob_tbsp>, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL , <options-list>,’MOVE’)”

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Posted by on March 15, 2014 in DB2


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